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These include gender issues, discrimination against ethnic groups, land use, rights and ownership, war, the HIV pandemic, and environmental issues. Food solutions need to be integrated and multifaceted. Adequate feeding and care should be an integral part of national strategies and programmes to reduce hunger and undernutrition. This includes promoting exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months and appropriate complementary feeding, basic requirements for nutritional well being.

Under the Food Security and Nutrition area, the SDG Fund programmes apply a multisectoral approach and include the following key dimensions:.


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The goal of the MDG-F's work in this area was to reduce extreme poverty and hunger and halt preventable deaths caused by poor nutrition. These initiatives targeted the poorest and most vulnerable, including indigenous communities.

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Activities ranged from providing low cost nutritional packages to engaging with pregnant and lactating mothers to promote breastfeeding and ensure they are healthy and aware of key nutrition issues. Promoting food security and advocating for mainstreaming children's rights to food into national plans and policies are also key elements in our fight against under nutrition.

Skip to main content. Google Tag Manager. Food security and nutrition The global prevalence of malnutrition and hunger remains unacceptable, undermining the prospects of millions.

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The SDG Fund response Under the Food Security and Nutrition area, the SDG Fund programmes apply a multisectoral approach and include the following key dimensions: Promotion of integrated approaches for alleviating child hunger and under-nutrition Promotion of sustainable and resilient livelihoods for vulnerable households, especially in the context of adaptation to climate change Strengthening of capacities to generate information allowing for improved policy-making and advocacy.

By reconsidering the role of women, the programme will increase access to health services and promote women-owned food micro-businesses. In Guatemala , the SDG Fund will work in 4 municipalities to increase the participation of children, youth, women and men in food security local governance mechanisms.

Food security - Wikipedia

This theme will cover policy frameworks for mitigating and adapting to climate change, policies on genetically modified organisms GMOs and biosafety, intellectual property rights, seeds, standards, and genetic resources. The theme will also address the establishment of policy frameworks to halt transboundary spread of pests and diseases of crops, livestock and fisheries and policies to support sustainable agricultural intensification and value addition. The main constraints include: limited technical skills base to run agro-processing facilities; poor maintenance of agro-processing facilities and equipment; and seasonality of production which is also unreliable due to climate variability resulting in surplus commodities at harvest times and collapse of prices and massive post-harvest losses followed by shortages increasing food costs for consumers.

Furthermore, limited utilisation of all sources of food crops, livestock, fishery, aquatic, and marine resources, and forest products leads to staple diets based on a very narrow selection of food sources. Other constraints include the long distances between centres of food production and the centres of consumption and the short stable shelf-life of most sources of food other than grains.

Food Security, Nutrition and Sustainable Agriculture

Agro-processing and value addition would provide tremendous backward and forward linkages and multiplier effects, with respect to: increased access to markets that are distant in space and time; extension of the reach of food, also in space and time; creation of non-farm employment and income generation opportunities; reduction of post-harvest losses; and improvement of food quality and safety.

This has to be done without degrading the nutritional value, taste, and presentational characteristics of these commodities. Sustainable intensification of crop, livestock and fisheries systems: Sustainable agricultural intensification is defined as the production of more outputs with more efficient use of all inputs on a durable basis, while reducing environmental damage and building resilience, natural capital and the flow of environmental services.

Sustainable intensification is implemented through three main approaches: ecological intensification, genetic intensification, and socio-economic intensification. Ecological intensification involves farming practices such as intercropping, integrated pest management, conservation farming and organic farming. Genetic intensification uses both conventional and modern biotechnological applications to avail improved crop varieties and animal breeds for higher yields, improved nutrition, tolerance to pests and diseases, resilience to climate change and efficient resource use.

Socio-economic intensification involves creating enabling environments, building social and human capital and creating sustainable livelihoods. The ASARECA interventions will include: development of TIMPs to improve the productivity of crops, livestock and aquaculture, inland and marine fisheries systems; identification of national and regional opportunities to prioritise production; crop, livestock and fish integration to improve overall system productivity; building capacity for adoption of productivity enhancing technologies; enhancement of viable and sustainable seed systems; and enhancement of access and utilisation of nutritious and safe crops, livestock and fisheries products.

Conservation and utilisation of plant, animal and fish genetic resources: Climatic shocks and human activities are exacting immense pressure on biodiversity in ECA with negatives consequences on food security. This has resulted in unprecedented levels of species extinction and erosion of natural diversity plant, animal and fisheries.

This is likely to have a negative impact on human wealth, health and security. If left unchecked this may have a serious negative impact on humans and the environment. Through this sub-theme, projects that will promote conservation and use of the plant, animal and fisheries genetic resources will be developed and implemented.

Food and nutrition security for improved health: The ECA region has the highest proportion of undernourished people in the world